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Wednesday, March 22, 2023

ISRO conducts simulation tests of Gaganyaan Mission parachutes


The Indian Space Research Organisation

(ISRO) conducted the Rail Track Rocket Sled deployment tests

of the Gaganyaan Pilot and Apex Cover Separation (ACS)

parachutes in cluster configurations.

The tests were conducted at the Terminal Ballistics Research

Laboratory (TBRL), Chandigarh, on March 1 and 3, ISRO said


The first test simulated the clustered deployment of two pilot

parachutes. One parachute was subjected to a minimum angle

with respect to flow conditions and the second parachute was

subjected to a maximum angle with respect to flow.

These pilot parachutes are used in India’s first manned Gaganyaan

mission to extract and deploy the main parachutes independently.

The second test simulated the clustered deployment of two ACS

parachutes under maximum dynamic pressure conditions, ISRO


The test also simulated clustered deployment at a 90-degree angle

of attack conditions for the crew module.

The ACS parachutes are used in the Gaganyaan mission for the

separation of the apex cover mounted on the Crew Module. Both

pilot and ACS parachutes were deployed using a pyrotechnic mortar


The Gaganyaan parachute system development has been a joint effort

by Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Thiruvananthapuram and

Aerial Delivery Research and Development Establishment (ADRDE),


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