Around $2 trillion will be needed each year by 2030 to help developing countries cut their greenhouse gas emissions and cope with the effects of climate breakdown, new data suggests.
The funding of low-carbon economic growth in poor countries would help lift billions of people out of poverty, create jobs and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
The cash will be needed so that poor nations could switch away from fossil fuels, invest in renewable energy and other low-carbon technology, and cope with the impacts of extreme weather, the Guardian quoted a report that was commissioned jointly by the UK and Egyptian governments, and presented at the Cop27 UN climate summit, as saying.
The figures, which would cover the needs of all of the world’s developing economies except China, are far higher than any climate finance that has yet been forthcoming to help poor countries, the Guardian said.
The money will help poor countries adapt to the effects of the climate crisis, for instance by building more robust infrastructure, and protections such as seawalls and early warning systems.
For the most severe impacts of climate breakdown, which countries cannot adapt to, known as loss and damage, the money would help to rescue those at risk, repair vital infrastructure and help to heal the social fabric – services such as health and education – of countries torn apart by extreme weather, such as devastating floods, droughts, storms and heatwaves, that is likely to worsen as a result of climate breakdown.
Loss and damage is one of the main priorities for discussion at the Cop27 summit in Sharm el-Sheikh, which started on Sunday and will continue for a fortnight.
“Around half of the required financing can be reasonably expected to come from local sources, from strengthening domestic public finance and domestic capital markets, including tapping into large pools of local finance that national development banks are able to mobilise,” the report says.
However, external finance, as well as the World Bank and other multilateral development banks, must also play a key role.
Nicholas Stern, the climate economist who wrote a landmark 2006 review of the economics of climate change, was a lead author of the report.
The Guardian report quoted Stern as saying: “Rich countries should recognise that it is in their vital self-interest, as well as a matter of justice given the severe impacts caused by their high levels of current and past emissions, to invest in climate action in emerging market and developing countries.
“Most of the growth in energy infrastructure and consumption projected to occur over the next decade will be in emerging market and developing countries, and if they lock in dependence on fossil fuels and emissions, the world will not be able to avoid dangerous climate change, damaging and destroying billions of lives and livelihoods in both rich and poor countries.”